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Langstroth on the Hive and the Honey-Bee: A Bee Keeper's Manual by L. L. Langstroth (1810–1895)

Langstroth on the Hive and the Honey-Bee: A Bee Keeper's Manual by L. L. Langstroth (1810–1895)Around 1851, Philadelphia clergyman and beekeeper Lorenzo Langstroth revolutionized the practice of beekeeping by devising a hive built with removable frames. Known as the “father of modern apiculture,” Langstroth designed the hive around the concept of “bee space;” that is, the space that is left open inside the hive that allows the bees to move around and between the combs. By experimentation, he learned that the proper bee space was 5/16 of an inch. Any space inside the hive smaller than 5/16 of an inch is plugged by the bees with a sticky substance called propolis. A larger space is filled with honeycomb. Therefore, the frames in his new hive were spaced 5/16 of an inch on all sides, allowing him to remove and inspect the frames freely without damaging the hive. Beehives today are still based on his design.

Other inventions followed the “Langstroth hive,” including wax comb foundation, the honey extractor for harvesting, the bee smoker and protective clothing. A strain of bees developed in Italy were imported in the 1860s and, because of its gentle nature and resistance to diseases, is still the predominant race of honeybee in the country. These developments set the stage for both the rise of both widespread hobby beekeeping, as well as, today’s large commercial apiaries, some operating as many as 30,000 bee colonies.

This audio recording is provided by the Internet Archive, a 501(c)(3) non-profit that was founded to build an Internet library, and LibriVox, a non-commercial, non-profit and ad-free project to make all books in the public domain available, for free, in audio Gretchen Bee Ranch Honey Bee - Pure Honey from Texasformat.  Text for this audio recording has been provided by Project Gutenberg.  The 20th edition of Rev. Langstroth's book may be read online at the Internet Archive.

Title: Langstroth on the Hive and the Honey-Bee - A Bee Keeper's Manual
Author: Rev. L. L. Langstroth
  • Preface And Advertisement – 00:08:04
    [mp3 - 7.7MB]
  • Ch 1: Introduction – 00:29:45
    [mp3 - 28.5MB]
  • Ch 2: The Honey Bee Capable Of Being Tamed Or Domesticated To A Most Surprising Degree – 00:10:29
    [mp3 - 10.0MB]
  • Ch 3: The Queen Or Mother-Bee, The Drones, And The Workers; With Various Highly Important Facts In Their Natural History, part 1 – 00:50:15
    [mp3 - 48.2MB]
  • Ch 3: The Queen Or Mother-Bee, The Drones, And The Workers; With Various Highly Important Facts In Their Natural History, part 2 – 01:00:24
    [mp3 - 57.9MB]
  • Ch. 4 Comb – 00:21:18
    [mp3 - 20.4MB]
  • Ch. 5 Propolis, Or Bee-Glue – 00:10:09
    [mp3 - 9.7MB]
  • Ch 6. Pollen, Or Bee-Bread – 00:12:42
    [mp3 - 12.2MB]
  • Ch. 7 On The Advantages Which Ought To Be Found In An Improved Hive – 00:43:33
    [mp3 - 41.8MB]
  • Ch. 8 Protection Against Extremes Of Heat And Cold, Sudden And Severe Changes Of Temperature, And Dampness In The Hives – 00:36:32
    [mp3 - 35.0MB]
  • Ch. 9 Ventilation Of The Hive – 00:32:09
    [mp3 - 30.8MB]
  • Ch. 10 (1) Natural Swarming, And Hiving Of Swarms, part 1 – 00:35:27
    [mp3 - 34.0MB]
  • Ch. 10 (1) Natural Swarming, And Hiving Of Swarms, part 2 – 00:36:24
    [mp3 - 34.9MB]
  • Ch. 10 (2) Artificial Swarming, part 1 – 00:53:39
    [mp3 - 51.5MB]
  • Ch. 10 (2) Artificial Swarming, part 2 – 00:50:40
    [mp3 - 48.6MB]
  • Ch. 10 (2) Artificial Swarming, part 3 – 00:48:22
    [mp3 - 46.4MB]
  • Ch. 10 (2) Artificial Swarming, part 4 – 00:12:18
    [mp3 - 11.8MB]
  • Ch. 11 The Bee-Moth, And Other Enemies Of Bees. Diseases Of Bees, part 1 – 00:47:41
    [mp3 - 45.7MB]
  • Ch. 11 The Bee-Moth, And Other Enemies Of Bees. Diseases Of Bees, part 2 – 00:33:13
    [mp3 - 31.8MB]
  • Ch. 12 Loss Of The Queen – 00:33:12
    [mp3 - 31.8MB]
  • Ch. 13 Union Of Stocks. Transferring Bees From The Common Hive. Starting An Apiary – 00:43:27
    [mp3 - 41.7MB]
  • Ch. 14 Robbing – 00:23:11
    [mp3 - 22.2MB]
  • Ch. 15 Directions For Feeding Bees, part 1 – 00:40:53
    [mp3 - 39.2MB]
  • Ch. 15 Directions For Feeding Bees, part 2 – 00:25:37
    [mp3 - 24.5MB]
  • Ch. 16 Honey. Pasturage. Overstocking – 00:57:24
    [mp3 - 55.1MB]
  • Ch. 17 The Anger Of Bees. Remedy For Their Sting. Bee-Dress. Instincts Of Bees – 00:47:56
    [mp3 - 46.0MB]
  • Footnotes – 00:09:13
    [mp3 - 8.8MB]
 
     

   
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